1The vanity of human life increased by oppression; 4and by envy. 5The absurdity of idleness. 6The good of contentment. 7The folly and misery of covetousness. 9The advantages of society. 13The throne of kings is not exempt from vanity and vexation.
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1So 1I returned, and considered all the 2oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the aside of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter.
2Wherefore 1I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are yet alive.
3Yea, 1better is he than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.
4¶ Again, 1I considered all travail, and aevery right work, 2that for bthis a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
5The 1fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh.
61Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.
7¶ Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun.
8There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: 1yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, 2For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.
9¶ 1Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour.
101For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up.
11Again, 1if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?
12And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and 1a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
13¶ 1Better is a poor and a wise child than an old and foolish king, awho will no more be admonished.
141For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also 2he that is born in his kingdom becometh poor.
15I considered all the living which walk under the sun, with the second child that shall stand up in his stead.
161There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. 2Surely this also is vanity and vexation of spirit.